4-6 months

Find out what milestones your baby should be reaching, and track your baby’s progress, using the helpful guidelines below.

Gross motor

  • Holds head steady
  • Supports themselves on elbows or forearms when lying on tummy
  • First roll from tummy to side
  • Rolls from tummy to back
  • Rolls from back to tummy
  • Sitting with arms supported in front of them
  • Sitting unsupported for short periods
  • Grasps feet to play with them
  • During supported standing, their weight is supported on their legs and they are likely to perform bouncing movements

 Fine motor

  • Reach for toys - first with both hands and then with one hand
  • Pass toys from one hand to the other hand
  • Can hold a toy and shake it
  • Toys and hands are in the mouth often
  • Use finger movements (raking movements) to get toys closer
  • Grasps objects hanging in front of them e.g. jewellery, keys, toys
  • Splashes with hands and feet during bath time


  • Responds to their own name
  • Babbling “Ah”, “Eh”, “ah-goo”
  • Responds to sound by making sounds
  • Repeats syllables, e.g. “da-da-da-da”
  • Plays with tongue
  • Laughes out of their tummy during play


  • Follows moving things with their eyes from side-to-side e.g. a rolling ball (eye’s should move together smoothly)
  • Enjoy looking at themselves in the mirror
  • Try to reach things that are out of reach
  • Looks when toys fall and repeat this activity several times
  • Able to know that if they are shown a bottle for example, that it is feeding time
  • Start to notice colours around them
  • Enjoy peek-a-boo games


  • Copies some facial expressions
  • Likes to play and might cry when toy is taken away or person playing with them moves away
  • Recognises familiar people and might cry when parents or care-giver is not around
  • Starts to lift arms up when indicating that he/she wants to be picked up

 Sensory and Perceptual

  • Starts showing interest in food on a plate e.g. might try to reach food on mommy’s plate
  • Enjoys different movements such as swinging and rocking
  • Everyday sounds do not startle him/her anymore
  • Starts to turn head to see where a sound is coming from
  • Depth perception starts to develop – they try to grab a toy and overshoots until they reach the toy and pick it up
  • They can now see about 2 meters away from them and can see all the colours
  • Starts to show an interest in different smells